Open Accessibility Menu
Hide

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer forms in tissues of the testis (one of two egg-shaped glands inside the scrotum that make sperm and male hormones). It usually occurs in young or middle-aged men. Two main types of testicular cancer are seminomas, or cancers that grow slowly and are sensitive to radiation therapy and make up about 30% of all testicular cancers. The other type of testicular cancer is nonseminomas or different cell types that grow more quickly than seminomas. Nonseminomas include choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumors.

The cause of testicular cancer is unknown however; there are several factors that increase a man’s chance of developing testicular cancer. These are undescended testicle, abnormal testicular development, Klinefelter syndrome, and history of testicular cancer. Most testicular cancers are often found by men themselves.

Doctors generally examine the testicles during routine physical exams also. Some of the symptoms of testicular are painless lump or swelling in either testicle, any enlargement of a testicle or change in the way it feels, a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, a dull ache in the lower abdomen or the groin, a sudden collection of fluid in scrotum, and pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum.

If any of these symptoms appear you should see your doctor and he will evaluate your general health as well as perform a physical exam, ultrasound, and lab tests. If a tumor is suspected the doctor will order a biopsy which involves surgery to remove the testicle. If only one testicle remains, a small incision is made to get tissue from the testicle. Once sample tissue is obtained it is sent to the lab for a pathologist to review under a microscope to determine diagnosis. If the diagnosis is testicular cancer the stage or extent of the disease will have to be determined to plan appropriate treatment for the patient.

Most men with testicular cancer can be cured with surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy. Seminomas and nonseminomas grow and spread differently, and each type may need different treatment. Treatment also depends on the stage of the cancer, patient’s age, and general health.

Related Providers
What Our Patients Have to Say
  • "My wife (Gerie Helton) and I traveled to Cody for our anniversary trip to Yellowstone National Park. On September 23, 2018 which would have been the first day of our trip she dislocated her left hip ( which had been replaced in 2009 0r 2010) while putting on her socks ( of all things.) We were staying at the Sunrise Motor Inn which fortunately was a short ambulance ride to your emergency room. The experience we had beginning with the EMT's who responded to the ambulance call, to the emergency room, and the next day on the second floor of your fine hospital is what ..."

    - Terry
  • "ER department went to great lengths to make this "out of towner" feel comfortable. Dr. Polley and Nurse Sarah were very professional and had a great bedside manner. It was my worst asthma attack and I felt very confident that I was getting top notch care."

    - Kelly
  • "Had to bring my daughter for a shoulder injury, on July 4th. I was thoroughly impressed. The staff was absolutely great, very friendly and compassionate. They took great care of my daughter and explained the diagnosis and discharge orders with great detail. I only wish our ER back home could be this professional. I know this is a smaller town and more tight knit, but this hospital/ER could set an example for the rest of the country. Thanks to the staff, physician and PA for the excellent care."

    - Chris
  • "I was a walk in patient on 5/29/18. I had been sick for several days while on a month long motorhome trip. The reception staff was friendly and efficient. I was seen quickly by the PA on duty, Robert Lang. He listened to me, did an exam, diagnosed my illness as acute bronchitis, and prescribed the necessary medication. I was feeling better in just a few days which enabled me to enjoy the remainder of my trip. I was sick and a long way from home so I really appreciated the excellent and friendly care that I received."

    - Bill