Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure where damaged joints are removed and replaced with metal, plastic or ceramic devises. Patients may undergo joint replacement procedures for dysfunctional hips, knees, and shoulders. Joint replacement is considered as a treatment option when severe joint pain or dysfunction is not alleviated by less invasive therapies.

Joints are formed by the ends of two or more bones connected by tissue called cartilage. Healthy cartilage serves as a protective cushion, allowing smooth, low-friction movement of the joint. If the cartilage becomes damaged by disease or injury, the tissues around the joint become inflamed, causing pain. With time, the cartilage wears away, allowing the rough edges of bone to rub against each other, causing more pain.

When only some of the joint are damaged, a surgeon may be able to repair or replace just the damaged parts. When the entire joint is damaged, a total joint replacement is done. To replace a total hip or knee joint, a surgeon removes the diseased or damaged parts and inserts artificial parts, called prostheses or implants.

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